These berries are harvested by hand or by machine when they are ripe and are taken to be processed.
Processing is an important part of a coffee bean’s life-cycle, the processing method can have a significant impact on the final taste profile of the bean and the quality of the coffee. Each berry contains 2 coffee beans and these must be separated from their fruit before the next stage of their journey.
The two most common processing methods are known as ‘natural’ and ‘washed’. The ‘natural’ process involves drying the whole coffee fruit in the sun before then stripping the fruit of its pulp and skin which have dried out. The ‘washed’ process removes the pulp and the skin of the fruit before then drying the exposed beans in the sunshine.